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Cyril immediately therefore shut up the churches of the Novatians at Alexandria and took possession of all their consecrated vessels and ornaments; and then stripped their bishop Theopemptus of all that he had.[2]. Although his reputation is marked with controversy, Cyril is most remembered for his intelligent writing, his strong condemnation of heresy, and the Nestorian Schism. His writings and his theology have remained an important part of the tradition of the Church Fathers to this day. The religious argument involved the relation of the divine and human within Jesus Christ. Cyril then summoned a council of his own and composed a letter including 12 theological propositions which Nestorius must join him in anathematizing. However, John of Antioch and his bishops were delayed. Cyril of Alexandria, Commentary on John, LFC 43, 48 (1874/1885). While his uncle Theolphilus had championed the destruction of pagan temples in Alexandria, Cyril moved forcefully in his early years as patriarch to unify the city under the orthodox version of Christianity. Among these were: Commentaries on the Old Testament, Thesaurus, Discourse Against Arians, Commentary on St. John's Gospel, and Dialogues on the Trinity. Der heilige Kyrill von Alexandrien, Patriarch, Beichtvater und Doktor der katholischen Kirche. Cyril may have believed that John did not wish to be present at the trial of his old friend, or that he wished to gain time for him. Every thing has been delivered to Me by My Father; and no one knows Who the Son is but the Father; and Who the … Nestorius insisted that Christokos was sufficient in honor and more accurate theologically, since Christ embodies both God and man, not God alone. Saint Cyril of Alexandria, (born c. 375—died June 27, 444; Western feast day June 27; Eastern feast day June 9), Christian theologian and bishop active in the complex doctrinal struggles of the 5th century. He himself took the place of council president. Cyril at this point had no answer to a letter he had written to Celestine asking "whether the holy synod should receive a man (Nestorius) who condemned what it preached." Premium Membership is now 50% off! Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Assumption of Mary Church Fresco 14.jpg 792 × 613; 255 KB. A riot resulted, as the position had become powerful and influential, rivaling that of the prefect (mayor) in a city known for its competing pagan, Jewish, and various Christian factions.[1]. Against Nestorius, Cyril taught the use of the term Theotokus—referring to the Virgin Mary as "God-bearer"—in his Easter letter for 429. Cyril greatest fame, however, was won in the context of the rivalry between the Alexandrian and Antiochene schools of theological reflection. 378 - 444), Patriarch of Alexandria Cyril was born at Alexandria, Egypt. Riots ensued, and Cyril, who if not directly responsible at least had done nothing to prevent them, was forced to acknowledge the authority of the civil government. Cyril received a classical and theological education at Alexandria and was ordained by his uncle. Cyril of Alexandria (c. 378 - 444 C.E.) For some time Cyril was opposed by Bishop Theodoret of Cyrrhus, Syria; but eventually he reconciled his views with those of Cyril. "For if our Lord Jesus Christ is God, how is the holy Virgin who gave [him] birth, not God-bearer [Theotokos]?" He was enthroned when the city was at the height of its influence and power within the Roman Empire. 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